A payal is an Indian accessory, traditionally worn by women, on their feet. It is best described as an anklet. It's intricacies differ from region to region across the country. Originally made of gold or silver, they have changed over time to accommodate the trends and are also found made of threads of different fibers, plastic and leather.
While originally they were made of only pure metals, with intricate designs carved in them, or 'filigri' work, they are also found with semi-precious and precious stones embedded in them. They would also have tiny bells hanging from them, that made a sound as the wearer moved.
Used in different forms of dance, they are similar to 'ghungroos' but quieter, and perhaps more "delicate". They are worn as part of every Indian dress.
are jewelry attached to the ear through a piercing in the earlobe or some other external part of the ear (except in the case of clip earrings, which clip onto the lobe). Earrings are worn by both sexes. In western cultures, earrings have traditionally been worn primarily by women, although in recent decades, ear piercing has also become popular among men in North America, Europe, Asia and Africa [ citation needed ] .
Common locations for piercings, other than the earlobe, include the rook , tragus , and across the helix (see image at right) [ citation needed ] . The simple term “ear piercing” usually refers to an earlobe piercing, whereas piercings in the upper part of the external ear are often referred to as “cartilage piercings.” Cartilage piercings are more complex to perform than earlobe piercings and take longer to heal [ citation needed ] .
Earring components may be made of any number of materials, including metal , plastic , glass , precious stones , beads , and other materials. Designs range from small loops and studs to large plates and dangling items. The size is ultimately limited by the physical capacity of the earlobe to hold the earring without tearing. However, heavy earrings worn over extended periods of time may lead to stretching of the earlobe and the piercing.
The history of Egyptian bracelets is as old as 5000 BCE . Starting with materials like bones, stones and woods to serve religious and spiritual interests. From the National Geographic Society , the Scarab Bracelet is one of the most recognized symbols of ancient Egypt. The scarab represented rebirth and regeneration. Carved scarabs were worn as jewelry and wrapped into the linen bandages of mummies. Myth told of the scarab god, Khepri , pushing the sun across the sky.Shell bracelet from a c.1800 BC Nubian mercenary grave
In Latin America, Azabache Bracelets are worn to protect against the Mal de ojo , or evil eye. The evil eye is believed to result of excessive admiration or envious looks by others. Having newborn babies wear an azabache (a gold bracelet or necklace with a black or red coral charm in the form of a fist), is believed to protect them from the evil eye. [ 1 ]
In Bulgaria there is a tradition called Martenitsa which sometimes involves tying a red and white string around the wrist to please Baba Marta to make spring come sooner.
In some parts of India , the number and type of bangles worn by a woman denotes her marital status. [ 2 ]
Taken in the plural, bracelets is often used as slang for handcuffs .
Necklaces have been an integral part of jewelry since the time of ancient civilizations. The birth of necklaces is believed to be as old as the Stone Age, which is around 40,000 years old. At that time, people used to decorate themselves with mollusk necklaces. Later, necklaces made of stones, bones, shells and animal teeth became popular. After the discovery of metals, gold, silver and a variety of other metals were used to make eye-catching necklaces for both men and women.
According to some customs, the wedding ring forms the last in a series of gifts, which also may include the engagement ring , traditionally given as a betrothal present. This tradition was already in use in Ancient Rome and is possibly much older. [ 1 ] Other more recent traditions, encouraged by the jewelry trade, seek to expand the idea of a series of ring-gifts with the pre-engagement ring , often given when serious courting begins, and the eternity ring, which symbolizes the renewal or ongoing nature of a lasting marriage, sometimes given after the birth of a first child; and a trilogy ring, usually displaying three brilliant-cut round diamonds each, in turn, representing the past, present and future of a relationship.
Nostril piercing is a body piercing practice often associated with India and Nepal . In India the outside of the left is the preferred position of the piercing as this is supposed to make childbirth easier. This is because Ayurvedic medicine associates this location with the female reproductive organs. In India piercings were regarded as a mark of beauty and social standing as well as a Hindu's honor to Parvathi the goddess of marriage in the 16th century. Nose piercing is still popular in India. It also remains popular in Middle Eastern and Arab countries. Nostril piercing has in recent decades become popular in the industrialized nations, as have other forms of body piercing. Afterwards punks and subsequent youth cultures in the '80s and '90s adopted this sort of piercing. Today, nostril piercing is popular in the U.S. , UK , Canada , the Caribbean, Australia and Europe , with piercings being performed on either the left or right nostril. Both men and women have nostril piercings, though they are much more common on women. There are several different types of nostril rings. Among the most popular are the loop, the stud with an L-bar closure, the stud with a ball closure, and the stud with a flat backing.
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